Pakistan Textile Journal

FEATURE

First Viscose Rayon Staple Fibre plant in Pakistan

Chemi Viscofibre Limited is the first Viscose Rayon Staple fibre plant in Pakistan. It is part of Chemi Group of Industries which comprises of Chemitex Industries, Jehlum Silk Mills, Ittehad Chemicals Ltd, Chemivisco Fibre, Chemi Dyestuffs Industries and Chemi Colour Trading, Mehran Gums, Dye Chem Industries and Chemi Dansk.

Chemi Group has recently inaugurated the first Viscose Rayon Staple Fibre (VRSF) manufacturing plant in Pakistan situated in the Small Industrial Zone at Nawabshah in the Sindh Province.


Chemi Visco Lab

The initial production capacity is 10,000 tonnes per annum, which is being up graded to 15,000 tonnes per annum. The plant is commissioned to meet the growing demand for Viscose Fibre in Pakistan's textile industry. The fibre is being marketed under the brand name of ChemiRayon which has been specifically designed to meet the requirement of Pakistani Spinners. The fibre plant, set up at Nawabshah is blend of Swiss and Chinese technology with a cost of $45 million, including 3 million Swiss Francs. Its production capacity of 15,000 tonnes a year can be raised to 45,000 tonnes a year.
The basic technology is from Switzerland, while the main equipment has been imported from China. The sophisticated and high-tech equipment has been imported from world renowned viscose technology supplier, ING.A. Maurer. S.A. Switzerland.

Definition

This cellulosic man-made fiber comes from wood pulp or cotton linters. The chemical structure is constituted by approximately 100% of pure cellulose.

Characteristics

· Viscose Rayon has an excellent moisture absorbency, about 13% as compared to 8.5% for cotton.
· Its chemical properties are similar to those of cotton and, therefore, has similar affinity with dyes.
· It is less static compared to synthetic fibres.
· It handle is silky and soft and, therefore, it is also known as Artificial Silk.
· It is highly resistant to sunlight, heat and alkali.
· It has specific gravity of 1.50 to 1.52.

Chemi Visco plant at Nawabshah, Pakistan

Applications

Clothing: shirts, underwear, blouses, coats, dresses, jackets, lingerie, rainwear, slacks, sports shirts, sportswear, suits, ties, work clothes, millinery.

Home furnishings: bedspreads, blankets, carpets, curtains, draperies, sheets, slipcovers, tablecloths, upholstery, linings. Technical textiles: industrial products, medical, surgical products, non-woven products, tire cord.

MAURER is a Swiss firm of engineering consultants specialised in Cellulosic (viscose) staple fibers, filaments and films (cellophane). They have already commissioned many plants and equipments for Viscose preparation, Fiber- and filament spinning and treatment and environmental treatment plants in India, Indonesia, Thailand and Pakistan.

Chemi Viscofibre Ltd., Karachi plant has Viscose preparation for staple fibre plant with Contidisk filter for 1st filtration viscose, Contidisk for 2nd filtration viscose and Mini Contidisk filter for reject filtration in staple fibre production.

Currently, Indian viscose fibre is finding its way into Pakistan, and cotton cloth from Pakistan is making its way into India through informal trading. Pakistan can export with advantage to vast SAFTA market, products such as cotton yarn, textile fabrics, leather products, surgical instruments, herbal products, processed foods, fruits and vegetables and other agricultural products to meet regional shortfalls.

ChemiRayon - a product of Chemi Viscofibre Limited, is expected to fulfill the domestic market demands and would save foreign exchange; generate jobs and offer quality fibre suitable for Pakistani spinners.The plant is based on technology transfer from China and the cost is US $15 million with automation of the plant by Swiss firm Maurer costing 3 million francs.
The plant would utilize cotton linter, a waste product of cotton, which would be put to productive use for the first time in the history of Pakistan. There are number of cotton linter producing units in Pakistan , which can benefit from this plant. Linter is the basic raw material for producing viscose fibre and Pakistan's textile sector consumes over 45,000 tonnes of viscose fibre a year. Of this almost 99% is imported. Once this plant achieves 45,000

tonnes of production capacity it will save country about $63 million foreign exchange. Some 6,000 tonnes of linter per year is produced in the country whereas the ratio for producing viscose fibre from the linter is 1:1.
The Government of Pakistan should consider reviving some of the linter producing units in Pakistan and should also consider an increase in customs duty on imported viscose rayon staple fibre, when the domestic plant is producing enough viscose fibre to meet the demand. It may be pointed out that in 1996 when the plant was conceived, the duty on imported viscose fibre was more than 35% and now the duty is 15%.

Overview of the plant

The three major man-made fibers imported into Pakistan are polyester, acrylic and viscose staple fibers. Viscose is imported mostly as a staple fiber, but also in stock lots in the form of filament yarn and used for blending only. Visco fibre imports increased from 22,405 tonnes worth Rs. 1,436 million in 1996-97 to 27,904 tonnes worth Rs. 2,713 million in 2002-03. The major suppliers are Taiwan, South Korea, Japan, Thailand, Indonesia, India, China and Austria.
by Amina Baqai. ED

Chemi Group to export Viscose Rayon to Turkey

The Chemi Group of Industries has attained yet another milestone of exporting its Viscose Rayon to Turkey.

The group said that the international buyers had reposed confidence in Chemi Group's products quality and indigenious technology.

Addressing a gathering to mark such a glorious occasion, Usman Ghani Khatri, Chairman Chemi Group of Industries thanked Pakistan's textile manufacturers for consuming Chemi Viscofibre in bulk quantities and making it an absolute import substitute with significant cost saving advantages.

A couple of senior textile technicians present on the occasion also congratulated Chemi group for going international and called for establishment of its own spinning unit for further augment its business and customizing quality parameters.

Abdul Shakoor Khatri and Abdul Hai Khatri, Directors, also spoke about the role Chemi Group has been playing in country's economy and the industrial development.