17th Textile Asia recorded large number of
by Prof. Dr.
Noor Ahmed Memon, Dean, KASBIT
Germany is the largest national
economy in Europe, the fourth-largest by nominal GDP in the
world, and fifth by GDP (PPP). The country is a founding member
of the European Union and the Eurozone. The economic model of
Germany is based on the concept of the social market economy.
Germany is the world's top location for trade fairs. Around
two-thirds of the world's leading trade fairs take place in
Germany is the first major industrialized nation to commit to
the renewable energy transition called Energiewende. The
Energiewende (German for energy transition) is the transition by
Germany to a low carbon, environmentally sound, reliable, and
affordable energy supply.
The new system will rely heavily on renewable energy
(particularly wind, photovoltaics, and hydroelectricity), energy
efficiency, and energy demand management. Most if not all
existing coal-fired generation will need to be retired. The
phase-out of Germany's fleet of nuclear reactors, to be complete
by 2022, is a key part of the program.
Germany is the leading producer of wind turbines in the
world. Renewables now produce over 27% of electricity consumed
In 2016, Germany recorded the highest trade surplus in the
world worth $310 billion, making it the biggest capital exporter
globally. Germany is the third largest exporter in the world
with 1.21 trillion euros ($1.27 trillion) in goods and services
exported in 2016. Exports account for 41% of national output.
The top 10 exports of Germany are vehicles, machinery, chemical
goods, electronic products, electrical equipment,
pharmaceuticals machinery, transport, basic metals, food
products and plastics.
Germany is known as one of the largest textile machinery
manufacturers in the world, especially for technical textiles
and nonwoven machinery. The country is among the top ten
countries in textile machinery advancements. Today, textile
machinery engineering is one of the important branches of
engineering and plant construction in Germany. The industry
employs a staff of 15,300 and produced textile machinery and
accessories worth euros 4.1 billion in 2016.
The German mechanical engineering industry plays a prominent
role in developing and realizing sustainable solutions, such as
effective solutions for new energy concepts and effective
handling of scarce resources. The VDMA, the German Textile
Machinery Association, has assumed patronage of the Blue
Competence sustainability initiative, which aims to interconnect
all of Germany’s mechanical engineering industry. It pools the
resources, know-how and strengths of VDMA members.
Textile machinery is one of 30 different mechanical
engineering branches within Blue Competence and can be designed
for the different demand profiles of the textile manufacturer,
depending on the textile product and the specific process.
More than 70% of VDMA Textile Machinery members manufacture
machinery, accessories, software and control units for the
production of nonwovens and technical textiles. Some 50 member
companies of VDMA Textile Machinery offer innovative technology
and worldwide support for customers in the nonwovens process
chain of web formation, bonding and finishing. The largest parts
of the companies are medium-sized firms and stand for
approximately 90% of the entire sector volume.
The VDMA member companies offer solutions for the entire
textile chain. The portfolio covers machinery and accessories
for spinning, nonwoven, weaving, knitting, hosiery and finishing
(washing, bleaching, dyeing and drying).
The German textile machines are exported all over the world
with their major clients being China, India, Turkey, USA, Italy,
Brazil, Mexico, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and the Czech Republic.
German technology can indeed play a major role in China’s and
other countries efforts to make the environment cleaner and to
increase the energy efficiency of the textile industry. The wide
range of German textile machinery manufacturers lets them meet
the myriad needs of all the potential customers. With an export
rate of 95%, the industry is one of the strongest engineering
branches in terms of exports.
In 2016, German exports of textile machines were divided as
follows: Spinning (38.6%), followed by Knitting and Hosiery
(29.1%), Finishing (28%) and Weaving (4.3%). Sector-wise German
textile machinery exports are given in Table 1.
1: Sector-wise Export of German Textile Machinery 2016
Value: Million Euro
Knitting and Hosiery
Source: German Textile
Machinery Association (VDMA).
In 2016, German spinning machinery exports reached euros
1,132 million, representing a share of 38.6% of the total German
textile machinery export value.
China is the most important country of German textile
spinning machinery, followed by India, Turkey, USA, Bangladesh
In 2016, the German manufacturers exported weaving machines
worth euros 125 million, representing a share of 4.3% of the
total German textile machinery export value. China is the most
important country of German textile weaving machinery in 2016,
followed by Bangladesh, USA, Turkey, Italy, Iran and India.
German manufacturers exported finishing machinery worth euros
820 million in 2016 representing a share of 28% of the total
German textile machinery export value. The USA is the most
important country of German textile finishing machinery in 2016,
followed by China, Mexico, Czech Republic, Turkey and India.
The production of nonwovens and technical textiles see growth
rates worldwide. In application areas like the automotive and
filtration sector, business is strong. The demand of nonwovens
products like personal care wipes and floor coverings is
increasing significantly while the hygiene sector is still the
main nonwoven end-use application area.
However, Europe is still a very important market, especially
for technical textiles and nonwovens. The rise in technical
textile has also ensured that the German companies earn profits
by exporting technically advanced machinery to China, USA,
Mexico and India.
The rise in technical textiles has also ensured that the
German companies earn profits by exporting technically advanced
machinery to China, USA, Mexico and India.
The textile sector investment in other countries has also
improved. Today companies from China are investing in Bangladesh
and Vietnam, following which there is a rise in demand for
textile machines. Developed countries have also experienced a
consistent growth in demand for textiles and this has paved way
for the need of more sophisticated and result-oriented machines.